This is a page in memoriam of Hasan Ozbekhan. I will link here to former students and colleagues and link to important papers like Futures Creation, see also his ďCanĒ implies ďOughtĒ in'The Triumph of Technology (1968) [more] or a recent interview with Alexander Christakis where the name of ÷zbekhan is mentioned on nearly every page.

See also his [PDF] A RETROSPECTIVE STRUCTURAL INQUIRY of 30 years Predicament of Mankind.



This is the eulogy after we learned that Hasan left us in February 2007:


The Predicament of Mankind - The Problematique & Hasan ÷zbekhan



pictureFri 16 Feb 2007

This is not only an eulogy for Hasan Ozbekhan, but a revisit of the early days of the Club of Rome, the "Methodenstreit", and what was lost when scientists just go for one "solution", like just for prospective, and not just for partivciŁpative and normative futures. It is also about Information Management and stakeholder participation, dialog- and decision cultures....

Hasan Ozbekhan
[link] and his The Predicament of Mankind (Report to the Club of Rome (PDF at [link]) or his "Toward a General Theory of Planning", 1968 [link], will be long remembered÷zbekhan He quietly passed away in Philadelphia on February 13.

I think it is high time to remember not only the "Predicament of Mankind" and the "Problematique", but the "Methodenstreit" ("struggle over methods") as this "Streit" in my view was a critical leverage point! - a point where Humanity had a chance to learn two important things: first of all, to better adress the issues around how we treat ourselves and the Planet, and, secondly, of equal importance and crying for solutions: how we go for multiple options and paths beyond the need to agree and get fixed on "one" way or "one" solution.
Such a fixation and focussing on one factor or one side is a dead-end which neglects and ignores the multitude, variety, and beauty around us.

The report "THE PREDICAMENT OF MANKIND" was not understood and appreciated enough to stay on the table of people like the founders of the Club of Rome. Their decision was to go for "quick fixes", by simply plotting some scenarios of possible "gloom or doom" instead of looking additionally into the problems and solutions, and how they are related and can reinforce each other, - which is exactly where the solutions are to be found! This is in my eyes the real TRAGEDY of the early days of the Club of Rome - see Methodenstreit.

Much has been written in this blog about vicious problem cycles, dilemmas, and how a collection of problems, solutions, actions, options, strategies (existing for now 30 years -> see the UIA's Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potentials!) should be used to not just jot some curves (scenarios) onto the wall, but additionally check with the people how issues are related, what meanings and values are connected to them, and so on.

Hasan Ozbekhan and another planner named Constantinos A. Doxiadis (see [[]] were people with another way of seeing things. People who look into the details, structures, processes, but who are also able to step back and see a bigger picture, the frame or context.

Looking at the "Problematique" today, - as it has become even more serious, even more complex than 35 years ago! - I feel today, it is high time again to get back to getting this right, this time around: checking the terminologies (verbiage), values, and scales, the proportions and consequences, when we want to look at viable approaches.

This Methodenstreit boiled up around Hannover where the Volkswagen Foundation supported Jay Forrester's approach of Global Modelling and Scenarios, - and left aside the need to check the base and involve the people (see prospective vs. participative vs. normative futures).
Now, 35 years later we should revisit such decisions or disagreements and so look for other approaches, old and new ones.

At last weeks National Press Conference about CLIMATE CHANGE policies in Germany the state secretary and member of parliament Michael Mueller from the Ministry of Environment requested: 1. different thinking, 2. overcoming isolated worlds or turfs, and 3. a different understanding of time.

I think this is what above systems thinkers and planners were doing, just stepping out of the box, embodying, visualizing, and adding extra perspectives.

As we are preparing for the 2010Imperative maybe visit this event
[link] and my contribution from February 20th: [link] and

and some answers to the question raised by Lynton Caldwell some years ago: IS HUMANITY DESTINED TO SELF-DESTRUCT ?
[link] and many ot the ivited answers, not just my little: "Show or Schau?": [link]

PLEASE SEE ALSO: Harnessing the Collective Wisdom ...